The health of the gums is as important as the health of the teeth. Otherwise, even healthy teeth with no problems can be lost due to gum diseases.
What are Gum Diseases?
Gum disease is one of the most common chronic diseases that can be seen at any age. Since it is mostly painless, the patient does not realize the disease and it is often late to apply to the doctor.
Gum disease affects only the gums in the initial stage, this situation is called “gingivitis”. Symptoms of gingivitis; is swelling, redness of the gums and a tendency to bleed easily. Gingivitis does not leave any permanent damage.
When gingivitis progresses, the bone surrounding the tooth is also affected by the disease, this is called “periodontitis”. In the presence of periodontitis, the bone surrounding the tooth resorps, and as the disease progresses, the teeth begin to wobble. Symptoms of periodontitis vary according to the stage of the disease. Symptoms; bleeding in the gingiva, red/purple gingiva, gingival recession, gaping of the teeth, swaying, displacement, abscess formation and bad breath. Pain is usually associated with abscess formation.
What is the cause of gum disease?
The main cause of gum disease is plaque that accumulates on the teeth. Bacterial plaque accumulating on tooth surfaces due to incorrect or incomplete brushing can cause tooth decay as well as cause inflammation in the gums.
What is the treatment for gum disease?
Treatment of gum disease varies according to the stage. If the disease is in the initial stage and only affects the gums, the disease is treated by cleaning the calculus and applying the right brushing method.
If the disease has progressed and has destroyed the gums as well as the bone surrounding the tooth, more extensive treatment is required. First of all, the places where bone loss occurs are curetted and the bacteria and tartar that cause the disease are removed. Depending on the severity and stage of the disease, laser or surgical procedure is applied if necessary. In the meantime, the patient should come to the controls regularly and pay attention to oral hygiene.