Dental prostheses are appliances that are custom-made for aesthetic and functional reasons to replace teeth, gums and jawbones lost for any reason.
There are many types of dental prostheses. Dental prostheses are divided into two main categories: fixed dentures and removable dentures.
Total dentures: The dentures applied to full edentulous jaws are called Total dentures. Total prostheses can be easily put on and removed by the patients. Retention is provided only by jaw bone and negative air pressure. Since the retention is weak, it is more difficult to use compared to other prostheses.
Partial dentures: In these prostheses, which are applied in partially edentulous cases, the retention is provided by taking support from the natural teeth in the mouth.
It is more comfortable and aesthetic than removable prostheses. The most common type of fixed prosthesis is bridge prosthesis. The biggest disadvantage of the crown bridge prosthesis is that the supporting teeth must be covered. However, as long as the crown and bridge prostheses made according to the rules are well maintained, they serve for chewing and aesthetics by staying in the mouth for many years. Zirconium crowns and metal supported crowns are used in the production of fixed prostheses.
IMPLANT SUPPORTED PROSTHESES
Today, with the development of implant systems, the concepts of fixed and removable prosthesis have also changed. In individuals with sufficient bone structure and without any health problems, fixed teeth can be made even if there are no teeth in the mouth, or if only one tooth is missing, the missing tooth can be compensated by applying an implant instead of a bridge prosthesis without covering the other teeth.